Martin Kvizda, Zdeněk Tomeš et al.

1. ed. Brno: Masaryk University, 2013. 243 p. Railway reforms sv. 1. ISBN 978-80-210-6733-2

The book gives a comprehensive overview of the current state of theoretical knowledge and modeling in the field of functioning and regulation of intermodal and intramodal competition on the market of railway transport services with an emphasis on European background and of methods of detecting breaches of regulatory rules and possibilities of applying corrective measures. The chapters contain a commented summary of the theoretical concepts of the given problematics, based on the research of published scientific texts and examples of the use of the described methods based on the research of the authors of the book. The first chapter deals with the current state of theoretical knowledge in the field of introducing competition on the European, originally state-owned, monopoly railway transport markets and the practical implementation of railway reforms in EU member states. The second chapter summarizes the quantitative techniques applicable to the empirical examination of the state and intensity of competition on the railways and the modeling of the demand for rail transport; in the final part of the chapter there is a comparative analysis of individual model approaches based on the data of European railway carriers. In the third chapter are presented microeconomic approaches for modeling the structure of the rail transport industry, price regulation and investment into infrastructure with application of static and dynamic effect of regulation regimes. The fourth chapter describes the methods of identifying the relevant market based on the SSNIP test, price tests, critical loss analysis and consumer surveys and analyzes the specifics of the so-called bidding markets; at the end of the chapter there is a practical application of the definition of the relevant market in passenger rail transport. The fifth chapter deals with geographic approaches to modeling the rail transport market and the application of the geographic method for defining the relevant market. The last, sixth chapter gives an overview of the use of previously described methods in the actual practices of competition authorities in the sample countries of Great Britain and Germany and the application of the competition policy by the European Commission.

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